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Terpenes. What are they?

If you’ve never heard of terpenes, then you’ve come to the right place. You don’t even have to be a CBD oil user to take terpenes. In fact, this elegant name is used to describe the volatile molecules we all encounter in our daily lives.

You can find terpenes in a wide range of plants, including flowers, fruits, vegetables and herbs. Cannabis plants are abundant in terpenes. They come as a kind of cannabinoid package. However, terpenes in CBD products do not always appear after the initial extraction.

Sometimes manufacturers add additional terpenes in various ratios to enhance the benefits of their CBD products. Even if you use a very refined form of CBD, such as distillate, you could still ingest terpenes.

But why add terpenes to CBD oil? Why do some brands emphasize its importance? Is it a real deal or another way to justify the price of CBD products?

Keep reading to find out.

Terpenes. What are they?

Terpenes are volatile compounds found in plants – responsible for their aromas. Every time you come across flowers or smell a fresh fruit, you have waffled terpenes. Thus, we are surrounded by terpenes.

There are several hundred different terpenes that exist in the world and over 200 have been discovered in cannabis plants. However, only a few terpenes from industrial hemp are concentrated enough to be considered significant. Brands sometimes add additional terpenes to CBD oil to support those that occur naturally in the plant’s flowers.

The reason a person would like to add terpenes to their CBD oil is represented by the additional health benefits it offers. Scientists have been investigating the properties of terpenes for a long time and have come to the conclusion that specific terpenes could have several therapeutic properties.

Terpenes are popular in aromatherapy due to their holistic and natural effects.

Many studies have shown that terpenes are beneficial for CBD users due to their specific effects on the body. Moreover, they can also contribute to a higher efficiency of CBD products – but we will get to that later in the article.

Let’s take a look at the most common terpenes found in CBD oil.

1. Lemon

The name should be a clear indicator of where you can find this terpene. Limonene usually occurs in citrus peel. Its scent is redolent of lime, orange and lemon, but this terpene has more than a refreshing aroma. Limonene is known to have antifungal properties; it can also improve mood, reduce inflammation and reduce anxiety. Adding limonene to CBD oil can increase the rate of absorption of other terpenes.

2. Myrcene

Myrrh is another common terpene – with a less obvious name – associated with cannabis. It has a pungent, earthy, herbal aroma, just like cannabis flowers. Although it is the smallest terpene, it can produce strong relaxing effects on the body, leading to drowsiness. When it comes to the health benefits of myrrh, they include antibacterial and pain relieving properties.

3. Pinene

Terpenic pine can be found in pine needles as well as in some citrus fruits. Pinen has been mentioned in traditional Chinese medicine for its therapeutic qualities. It can be used as an anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and bronchodilator.

4. Linalool

Linalool is another common terpene in cannabis. This molecule is one that produces a delicate floral aroma and is particularly abundant in both lavender and chamomile. Brands often infuse topical CBD with linalool to get this wonderful scent, but they also add it to CBD oil to make sleep more effective and for stronger anti-anxiety effects.

5. Caryophyllene

One of the most promising terpenes, caryophyllene occurs naturally in cloves, cinnamon and black pepper. They give certain cannabis stems their spicy, woody aromas. The most interesting feature of this terpene is its ability to interact with the endocannabinoid system in a similar way to cannabinoids. Moreover, it can produce analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects.

6. Humulene

Humulene is another common terpene in hemp. It can act as an appetite suppressant and anti-inflammatory. As for the aroma, it is redolent of hops, where there are also high concentrations of humulene. Other plants rich in humulene include coriander, cloves and basil.

7. Terpinolen

Terpinolen gives cannabis plants aromas of smoke and wood; It can also be found in sage and rosemary and is known for its antioxidant, antibacterial and mildly sedative properties. Scientists have found terpinolen to depress a person’s central nervous system, which means that this terpene can reduce anxiety and cause drowsiness.

When reading about terpenes, you may come across the term “terpenoids”. Are terpenes the same as terpenoids? What is the difference between these two?

Terpenes and terpenoids are slightly different in their molecular structure. Terpenes are the fresh and living version of terpenoids. What you smell when you take a raft next to a live cannabis plant is the terpenic bouquet secreted in the resinous glands of its descent. Terpenoids, on the other hand, form when you dry the cannabis flower. Finally, these two processes change the way these molecules transform.

Terpenoids are commonly used outside of cannabis for their odors. People infuse terpenes in various ingredients to create spices, perfumes and essential oils. However, a growing body of research shows that terpenoids are important players in modulating the effects of cannabinoids.

Recent studies have shown that terpenes can change, increase or decrease the duration and intensity of effects from a specific strain, over and above the influence of the smell and aroma of the buds. In other words, without terpenes, the effects of different strains with a high CBD content would be mild and would not have additional health benefits.

Why add terpenes to CBD oil?

As you can see from the paragraph above, terpenes are extremely important in cannabis. Not only can they adapt the experience of CBD oil users, but they can also improve the effects of major cannabinoids. Many users believe that CBD oil with terpenes is more beneficial than a product based on distillates or isolates.

For example, when you add terpenes, such as linalool and myrcene, the product will have more relaxing, sleep-inducing qualities. On the other hand, terpenes such as limonene and caryophyllene can give you more concentration and energy. If you are looking for specific effects, we recommend that you check your lab reports for CBD oil to see what terpenes are in your bottle.

Another reason to add terpenes to CBD oil is the entourage effect, which we will detail in the next section.

CBD oil, terpenes and entourage effect

The entourage effect was first revealed in 1998 by Raphael Mechoulam, an Israeli scientist and father of cannabis research. The concept was further popularized by another researcher Ethan Russo in 2011. Dr. Russo published a detailed report in the British Journal of Pharmacology that describes in detail the effect of the entourage.

Simply put, the entourage effect refers to the synergistic effects obtained from cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids found in cannabis. For example, limonene helps the body absorb other terpenes more efficiently, and carophilene is thought to interact directly with cannabinoid receptors.

That is why different strains of cannabis offer different effects. This is caused not only by their cannabinoid ratios – although it plays an important role – but especially due to their terpenes and their unique qualities. It is also the reason why many users consider CBD oil to be completely superior to CBD isolate.

Why add them to CBD oil?

As you can see, terpenes are quite essential and there is a good reason why some companies decide to add them to CBD oil. Terpenes can not only influence the effect profile of CBD products, but also complement and enhance the effects of major cannabinoids. Terpenes also contribute to a more flavorful and flavorful product.

At CBD FUNHOUSE, we use supercritical CO2 extraction, which is the safest and most efficient way to produce CBD oil. It uses CO2 in a special state, which acts as a solvent and extracts essential compounds from plant matter – leaving behind a pure and concentrated extract.

Terpenes are something you should look for when shopping for CBD. Next time you browse different products, make sure you choose full spectrum extracted oils without invasive methods. Only then will you be able to maximize your results with cannabidiol extracts.


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